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Vasectomy is a surgical procedure for male sterlization or permanent contraception that prevents the release of sperm when a man ejaculates.In a vasectomy process, the vas deferens from each testicle is clamped, cut, or sealed to stop sperm from mixing with the semen that is ejaculated. After this surgery,the testicles continue to produce sperm but it will be reabsorbed by the body because the tubes are blocked before the seminal vesicles and prostate. It usually takes several months after a vasectomy for all remaining sperm to be ejaculated or reabsorbed.

Advantages:

  • Vasectomy is a permanent method of birth control
  • Once semen does not contain sperm, person do not need to worry about using other types of birth control methods
  • This is a safer and cheaper procedure that causes fewer complications than tubal ligation in women
  • It is a non-expensive and one-time procedure and is often covered by medical insurance

During vasectomy surgery:

  • The testicles and scrotum are cleaned with an antiseptic solution
  • Oral or intravenous (IV) medicine may be given to patient to reduce anxiety and to make sleepy
  • Each vas deferens is located by touch
  • A local anesthetic is injected into the area
  • Surgeon makes one or two small openings in the scrotum. Through an opening, the two vas deferens tubes are cut
  • The two ends of the vas deferens are tied, stitched, or sealed
  • Electrocautery may be used to seal the ends with heat. Scar tissue from the surgery helps block the tubes
  • The vas deferens is then replaced inside the scrotum and the skin is closed with stitches that dissolve and do not have to be removed