Surgical oncology is the branch of surgery applied to oncology; it focuses on the surgical management of tumors, especially cancerous tumors. Surgery is used to diagnose, stage and treat cancer, and to manage certain cancer-related symptoms.
Conditions Treated by Surgical Oncology
- Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Gastrointestinal Tract
- Endocrine Cancer
- Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Types 1 and 2
- Adrenal Gland
- Breast cancer
- Rectum and Colon
- Endocrine Cancer
- Soft tissue sarcomas
- Gastrointestinal cancer
- Head and neck cancers
Surgical Oncology Procedures
Thyroidectomy: The thyroid is a gland located at the base of your neck that produces hormones that affect your metabolism. When a person has a thyroid disorder, such as hyperthyroidism or cancer, a thyroidectomy may be performed to remove the thyroid. In this procedure, most or all of the thyroid gland is surgically removed.
Pancreatico duodenectomy or Whipple: The Whipple Procedure, or pancreaticoduodenectomy, is the most commonly performed surgery to remove tumors in the pancreas. The Whipple procedure involves removal of the “head” (wide part) of the pancreas next to the first part of the small intestine (duodenum). It also involves removal of the duodenum, a portion of the common bile duct, gallbladder, and sometimes part of the stomach. Afterward, surgeons reconnect the remaining intestine, bile duct, and pancreas.
- Breast reduction surgery
- Augmentation mammoplasty
- Breast-conserving surgery, a less radical cancer surgery than mastectomy
- Mastopexy, or breast lift surgery
- Surgery for breast abscess, including incision and drainage as well as excision of lactiferous ducts
- Surgical breast biopsy
- Microdochectomy (removal of a lactiferous duct)[
Melanoma Excision: It Is a Surgery to remove a melanoma . The surgery removes the entire melanoma along with a border (margin) of normal-appearing skin. The width of the border of normal skin removed depends on the depth of the melanoma . More tissue, usually skin and fat, is also removed from under the melanoma.
The goal of bowel resection is to take out the part of the colon or rectum where the cancer is. Nearby lymph nodes are taken out and tested for cancer. Then healthy parts of the colon or rectum are sewn back together. Bowel resection is done either by opening the abdomen (open resection) or by laparoscopy.
Distal Pancreatectomy: A distal pancreatectomy is where the bottom half of the pancreas is removed by a surgical procedure. The most frequent reason for performing a distal pancreatectomy is the presence of a tumor in the body or tail of the pancreas. njury, pancreatic cancer, pancreatic pseudocysts and chronic pancreatitis can be treaded.
Gastrectomy: Stomach cancer is often treated with a total gastrectomy, a complex surgery performed to remove the entire stomach.
Liver Resection: A liver resection, or partial hepatectomy, is a surgical procedure to remove tumors in the liver. Removing the cancerous portion of the liver may help to prevent the disease from spreading more. To perform a liver resection surgery, the surgeons make an incision below the ribcage, across the right side of the upper abdomen. An ultrasound device is used to find the liver tumor(s). The diseased portion of the liver is then removed, along with some adjoining healthy liver tissue.
Lymph Node Dissection: Lymphadenectomy or lymph node dissection is the surgical removal of one or more groups of lymph nodes. It is almost always performed as part of the surgical management of cancer. n a regional lymph node dissection, some of the lymph nodes in the tumor area are removed; in a radical lymph node dissection, most or all of the lymph nodes in the tumor area are removed.[
Esophagectomy: Open esophagectomy is surgery to remove part or all of the esophagus. This is the tube that moves food from your throat to your stomach. After it is removed, the esophagus is rebuilt from part of your stomach or part of your large intestine.
Most of the time, esophagectomy is done to treat cancer of the esophagus or a severely damaged stomach.
Surgical Oncology Techniques
Minimally Invasive Surgery:
Laparoscopic surgery, also called minimally invasive surgery (MIS), bandaid surgery, or keyhole surgeryLaparoscopy is a surgery that uses a thin, lighted tube put through a cut (incision) in the belly to look at the abdominal organs or thefemale pelvic organs . Laparoscopy is used to find problems such as cysts, adhesions, fibroids , and infection. Tissue samples can be taken for biopsy through the tube (laparoscope).
Anal sphincter preserving surgery
Anal sphincter preserving surgery is used on tumors that affect the lower portion of the rectum. This surgery helps selected patients to avoid a colostom
Chemoembolization is a two-step procedure. First, chemotherapy is delivered directly to the tumor using narrow tubes called catheters, which reach the treatment area using a tiny skin puncture. Next, embolization may be used to cut off blood supply to the tumor. This starves the tumor of oxygen and nutrients and at the same time, traps the anticancer drug at the treatment site, allowing for a greater therapeutic effect.
Cryosurgery is the use of extreme cold to destroy abnormal tissue
Particle breast treatment
Particle breast treatment is a five-day treatment alternative to breast radiation for women with certain smaller, early-stage breast cancers
Radiofrequency ablation is an image-guided technique that uses heat to destroy cancer cells. A needle electrode is guided to the tumor and high frequency electrical currents are applied. Most often used to treat liver disease, this technique may be used in combination with chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Robotic surgery is one of the most recent advances in minimally invasive surgery. During robotic surgery, the use of the surgical robot helps our surgeons to operate with greater precision, leading to improved surgical outcomes.
Sentinel Lymph Node (SLN) Biopsy :
A sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is a procedure in which the sentinel lymph node is identified, removed, and examined to determine whether cancer cells are present.