Surgical Hair Transplantation in India
Baldness is often blamed on poor circulation to the scalp, vitamin deficiencies, dandruff, and even excessive hat-wearing. All of these theories have been disproved. It’s also untrue that hair loss can be determined by looking at your maternal grandfather, or that 40-year-old men who haven’t lost their hair will never lose it.
Hair loss is primarily caused by a combination of:
- a change in hormones
- and a family history of baldness
As a rule, the earlier hair loss begins, the more severe the baldness will become.
Hair loss can also be caused by burns or trauma. The problem of hair loss can occur in both men and women and also in children.
What is Hair Transplant
Hair transplantation involves removing small pieces of hair-bearing scalp grafts from a donor site and relocating them to a bald or thinning area. Surgical hair transplantation techniques include punch grafts, mini-grafts, micro-grafts, slit grafts and strip grafts for a more modest change in hair fullness. Flaps, tissue-expansion and scalp-reduction are procedures are best for patients who desire a more dramatic change. The hair is genetically programmed in such a way that will continuously grow even when it has been transplanted to a different site
Types of Hair Loss
- Involutional alopeciais a natural condition in which the hair gradually thins with age. More hair follicles go into the resting phase, and the remaining hairs become shorter and fewer in number.
- Androgenic alopeciais a genetic condition that can affect both men and women. Men with this condition, called male pattern baldness, can begin suffering hair loss as early as their teens or early 20s. It’s characterized by a receding hairline and gradual disappearance of hair from the crown and frontal scalp. Women with this condition, called female pattern baldness, don’t experience noticeable thinning until their 40s or later. Women experience a general thinning over the entire scalp, with the most extensive hair loss at the crown.
- Alopecia areata often starts suddenly and causes patchy hair loss in children and young adults. This condition may result in complete baldness (alopecia totalis). But in about 90% of people with the condition, the hair returns within a few years.
- Alopecia universaliscauses all body hair to fall out, including the eyebrows, eyelashes, and pubic hair.
- Trichotillomania, seen most frequently in children, is a psychological disorder in which a person pulls out one’s own hair.
- Telogen effluviumis temporary hair thinning over the scalp that occurs because of changes in the growth cycle of hair. A large number of hairs enter the resting phase at the same time, causing hair shedding and subsequent thinning.
- Scarring alopeciasresult in permanent loss of hair. Inflammatory skin conditions (cellulitis, folliculitis, acne), and other skin disorders (such as some forms of lupus and lichen planus) often result in scars that destroy the ability of the hair to regenerate. Hot combs and hair too tightly woven and pulled can also result in permanent hair loss.
Good Candidate for Hair Transplant
- Hair replacement candidates must have healthy hair growth at the back and sides of the head to serve as donor areas.
- Donor areas are the places on the head from which grafts and flaps are taken.
- Other factors, such as hair color, texture and waviness or curliness may also affect the cosmetic result.
- Men who have been losing their hair due to male pattern baldnessfor more than five years or who have progressed to class 3 or above on the Norwood Scale.
- Men who have realistic expectations and who understand that their hair loss might continue to progress after surgery, even if they are taking prescription medication to stop this progression. Some men have to continue these medicationsafter surgery to retain as much of their hair as possible.
- Men who have been balding for many years, whose pattern has stabilized, and who are interested in adding some hair to provide a more youthful appearance.
- Men and women who have lost hair due to trauma or burns.
- Men and women who have lost hair due to other cosmetic procedures such as facelifts
- There are a number of techniques used in hair replacement surgery. Sometimes, two or more techniques are used to achieve the best results.
Hair Transplant Procedure
The surgery takes place under local anesthesia. The surgeon first harvests the donor hair grafts from the strip of a skin which is taken from the region in between the two ears. The strip is separated into tiny units of skin grafts containing 1 to 3 hairs known as follicular units. The surgeon then makes the recipient sites which are produced in the area of hair loss. In the bald skin, the sites are produced by making little slits. The needle creates appropriate opening for every site and the blood is taken out of the patient’s arm. The surgeon then carefully places the grafts on the recipient sites and the back of the head of donor site is not noticeable. The new transplanted hair starts to grow after 3 to 4 months time and the hair continue to grow for about half an inch for every month.
Nonsurgical Hair Transplant
New technology has produced superior hair systems (also known as non-surgical hair replacement, hair bonding or hair integration). Modern day advancements in products along with the technical skills of an experienced specialist are essential and the benefits include being able to sleep, shower, swim and carry on with your life as if you had your own hair. The hair replacement systems are all hand made and therefore take between 8 and 12 weeks to come back for the final fitting. If the replacement is well looked after, it is expected to last around 3 years. This transparent membrane is then attached to the scalp. To create a natural effect, the membrane is woven with the existing hair. This looks completely natural just like the existing hair and also matches in terms density, direction and color. Maintenance of hair replacement systems will be necessary once every 3 to 4 weeks whereby the hair system will need to be removed, cleaned and re-attached. This takes approximately one hour and is a pleasant experience, rather like visiting a regular hairdresser.
Difference Between Hair Replacement and Hair Transplant Systems
The non-surgical hair replacement procedure involves toupees, hair extensions, hairpieces and hair weave to suit your existing hair. This procedure provides with a natural looking appearance just like a fuller head of hair.
Hair transplant is a surgical process which is planned to regrow and transplant healthy hair follicles taken from the scalp and finally relocating them in the different thinning areas for new growth. The benefit of hair transplant is that the new hair can be easily styled, washed and combed just like your normal hair. The process of follicle hair location is very safe and the results are excellent. Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) and Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) are the two approaches for surgical hair restoration process.
Cost of Hair Transplant Surgery
The hair transplant cost in India is very low which makes India preferred destination for Hair transplant. Alphine Life associated clinics have latest technology and best medical facilities.