Septoplasty is a surgical procedure that is done to correct a deviated septum i.e a displacement of the bone and cartilage, which divides two nostrils. In septoplasty, patient’s nasal septum is straightened and repositioned in middle of the nose. While conducting this procedure, surgeon may cut and remove the parts of the nasal septum before reinserting these in the position. The septoplasty is highly important for persons with deviated spectum as this can cause breathing problem, nose bleeding and pain.
- This surgical procedure takes anywhere from 30 to 90 minutes to get completed, depending on the complexity of the condition
- Patients will be under local or general anesthesia that is decided by the doctors as per the suitability
- While performing the surgery, the surgeon makes an incision on one side of the nose to access the septum
- Then the mucous membrane is lifted up, which is the protective covering of the septum
- The deviated septum is then moved in the right position and any barriers such as extra pieces of bone or cartilage are also removed
What is Septoplasty ?
Septoplasty is performed to straighten the shape of the septum (cartilage) and bones. The septum (cartilage) is between the two nostrils. The purpose is to correct the deformities and defects of the cartilage (septum). The septum in adults is partly composed of bone and partly of cartilage. The deviations of the septum can either due to an injury or can be present from the birth (congenital). In some people there are no symptoms due to deviated septa. Only the severe septa produces important symptoms that require surgical treatments. The surgical procedure of Septoplasty is performed along with a Rhinoplasty for cosmetic uses.
Diagnosis for Septoplasty
- Turbinate surgery
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Nasal air passage obstruction
- Tumor excision
- Headaches due to septal spurs
- Uncontrolled nosebleeds
- Chronic sinusitis associated with a deviated septum
- Nasal septal deformity
- Candidates for Septoplasty
- Candidates having unstoppable nosebleeds
- Candidates having bent, deformed or crooked nasal septum which is blocking the airway in the nose.
- Candidates who want to repair the hole in the nasal septum
The procedure is performed under general or local anesthesia.
The covering of the mucous tissue is lifted in order to see the cartilage and bone easily. This is done by making an incision inside the nostril. Then the surgeon reshapes or removes the deviated parts of the cartilage and the bone. The enough non-deviated cartilage and bone is left in order to maintain the shape the shape of the nose. After this, the incision is stitched and closed.
To reduce the chances of scar tissue formation and also to heal the septum, the surgeon either uses the splints or soft plastic sheets. These are carefully placed inside the nose. Sometimes packing is used to avoid bleeding.
The surgery takes about 1-3 hours to complete. The surgeon will let the patient know when the splints and packing have to be removed. The patients are discharged when the effect of anesthesia is completely stopped.
Turbinate reduction surgery may also be required by some patients while performing Septoplasty surgery.
No cutting is involved in the procedure as the process is done totally from the nostrils. Due to this reason, the patients can go home on the same day after the surgery.
Benefits of Septoplasty
- The surgery takes about 45-60 minutes to complete
- Inside the nose, incisions are hidden
- No overnight stay is required at the hospital
- No bruising or swelling after the surgery