Nasal surgery, also known as endoscopic surgery is done to remove small amounts of bone or nasal polyps blocking the sinus openings. Normally, a thin, lighted tool called an endoscope is inserted through the nose so the doctor can see and remove the blockages in the sinuses. The most common reason for doing this surgery is “chronic rhinosinusitis”, or more commonly “chronic sinusitis”. Chronic rhinosinusitis is a general term used to define inflammation (swelling) of the nose and sinuses that does not improve sufficiently with medical treatment.
How nasal surgery is performed
- Endoscopic sinus surgery may be done under local or general anesthesia
- Endoscopic sinus surgery involves the use of a small telescope (nasal endoscope) that is inserted through the nostril to view the patient’s nose and sinuses
- Then narrow channels are identified that connect the sinuses to the nose
- These narrow opening or channels are enlarged, thus improving the drainage from the sinuses into the nose
What is Nasal Surgery ?
The surgical procedure is either performed inside or outside of the nose. Nasal surgery is a type of cosmetic and reconstructive surgery. The surgical procedure is done under general or local anesthesia and takes about 1 hour to complete. The surgery is done on an outpatient basis and leads to mild discomfort.
The goals of nasal surgery are –
- The surgery repairs the nasal injuries
- Improves breathing
- The surgery can correct the acquired or congenital deformities
- It changes the shape or size of the nose
Nasal Surgery Types
Rhinoplasty : The surgical procedure is done to repair the defect of the nose that includes resizing or reshaping the nose. The goals of the surgery are –
- It changes the angle between the nose and the lips
- It changes the size of the nose
- It changes the shape of the nose
- It narrows down the nostrils
Septoplasty : The surgical procedure is done to correct the deformities and defects of the nasal septum. The examples of Septoplasty are –
The surgery corrects the cleft defects that both the nasal cavity and the nose
Deviated Septum Correction : The condition where there is no straight vertical alignment in between the partition of the nostrils. The condition can cause an obstruction in the airflow. The problem of deviated septum can be caused either by injury or birth defect.
Nasal Valve Surgery : The surgery is done for those people who are having nasal valve collapse or narrow nasal valve. The most narrow area of the nose that is located around one centimeter in the nose is known as nasal valve. The nasal valve area is the same area just like the crease over the nostril. Some people have a narrow nasal valve area while in others the area collapses by itself when they start to breathe and blocks the airway.
Nasal Turbinate : These bones are made up of soft tissue covering which comes off the side walls in the nose. The nasal blockage can be caused due to the thick soft tissue covering the turbinate and also by the thick turbinate bone. A number ways can be performed to reduce the bone and soft tissue in the turbinates.
Preparation for Nasal Surgery
The surgery is performed on the basis of –
- The preference or opinion of the person
- Overall heath, medical history and age of a person
- Severity of the deformity
- Tolerance power of certain therapies, procedures and medications
- Symptoms ofr Nasal Surgery
- Post nasal drip
- Breathing difficulties
- Nasal discharge including bleeding
- Dry mouth
- Shortness of breathing
- Nasal Obstruction Causes
- Nasal Polyps
- Enlarged Turbinates
- Deviated Septum
- Scarring due to trauma or prior nasal surgery
Nasal Blockage Surgery
Nasal blockage is the result of nasal congestion in the different nasal passages which has been caused due to the swelling of the membranes that lines the nose. The process is also known as nasal obstruction, plugged nose, stuffy nose, nasal blockage and blocked nose. The causes of nasal blockage can be either mild or can be a life threatening condition. The blockage can hamper the hearing, speech development and ears. The severe blockage can disturb sleep and causes snoring.
Nasal Airway Surgery
Following are the reasons for opting nasal airway surgery –
- Zero tolerance the continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) due to nasal obstruction
- Nasal obstruction either in one or both the sides of the nose
- The person feels no relief after using decongestants or nasal steroids
- The collapse of both the sides of the nose while inhaling
Laser Nasal Surgery for Correcting Nasal Blockage
The laser technique is the new and advanced way for treating the nasal blockage. The laser does not result in any scarring or injuries that is usually seen in prior nasal surgeries. This effective laser treatment has stopped the use of nasal sprays permanently. There is no need of using nasal strips either while sleeping or playing sports.