Myringotomy is a surgical procedure in which a small incision in made into the eardrum with a myringotomy knife through the layers of tympanic membrane in order to relieve pressure caused by excessive buildup of fluid, or to drain pus from the middle ear. This surgical procedure permits direct access to the middle ear space and allows the release of middle-ear fluid, which is the end product of otitis media with effusion (OME), whether acute or chronic. OME is classified as serous, mucoid, or purulent. A tympanostomy tube is inserted into the eardrum to keep the middle ear aerated for a prolonged time and to prevent re-accumulation of fluid. Depending on the type, the tube is either naturally extruded in 6 to 12 months or removed during a minor procedure.
- Precised and highly reliable treatment
- Procedure is done by using cutting edge technology
- Faster recovery after treatment
What is Myringotomy ?
Myringotomy surgery is performed by making an incision in the tympanic membrane (eardrum) so as to allow the drain of fluid-filled from the middle ear. Tympanoplasty is the procedure in which the ear tubes are inserted in order to allow the continuous drain of the fluid. The eardrum vibrations are responsible for hearing. If any fluid (water) accumulates behind the eardrum, then it will lead to impaired hearing. The procedure is suggested for the children between the age group of 6 months – 2 years who are suffering from otitis media (recurring ear infections). The problem of hearing loss is also treated that has been caused by fluid build up.
The advantages of inserting the myringotomy tubes includes –
- By reducing the feeling of pressure, the ear pain is reduced.
- The diminished hearing can be restored by clearing the fluid from the middle ear.
- The air is allowed to reach the middle ear.
- Through the tubes, the fluid is drained out into the ear canal from the middle ear.
- It prevents the build up of additional fluid in the middle ear.
Bilateral Myringotomy (BM-T)
The surgical procedure is performed to treat the severe middle ear infections. The procedure is meant for those children who are suffering from middle ear infections and the use of medication was not effective. The other candidate for bilateral myringotomy are those who are suffering from the recurring middle ear infections complications. During the surgical procedure, the surplus fluid is drained out from the small hole made in the ear drum. To relieve the patient from the pressure, tympanoplasty tube is inserted. This small device is made up of either plastic or metal. The purpose of this tube is to allow the circulation of air for draining the fluid so as to stop the recurrence of the ear infections. The recovery period is fast and the patient can resume the daily routine approximately after 24 hours.
The procedure is performed under general anesthesia on an outpatient basis. The surgeon thoroughly washes the ear and makes a little incision in the eardrum. The fluid is aspirated from the eardrum and the ear tube is inserted. The surgeon then packs the ear with cotton so as to prevent bleeding. The entire procedure is known as conventional myringotomy. The healing process will take 1-2 days.