Simply put, Multi Organ Transplant is the moving of organs from one body to another or from a donor site to another location in a person’s own body. The purpose of Multi Organ Transplant is to replace a person’s damaged or absent organs, with the method being globally used to cure critical patients. Organs that are generally transplanted are heart, kidney, liver, intestine, pancreas etc. The tests that are done to ascertain compatibility are blood type test, HLA testing, organ size test etc.
Facts about Organ Donation
- Organs can only be donated by persons who are free from high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, HIV and other such diseases
- If an organ is donated after death, a detailed medical assessment is done to ascertain which organs can be donated
- As for living persons in perfectly good health, they must be 18 years old before they are allowed to donate an organ
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the person’s own body, to replace the recipient’s damaged or absent organ. Organs that can be transplanted are the heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, pancreas, intestine, and thymus. Tissues include bones, tendons (both referred to as musculoskeletal grafts), cornea, skin, heart valves, nerves and veins.
Human organs that can be transplanted successfully are
- Heart and Lungs ( both can be Transplanted simultaneously)
- Pancreas and Kidney (both can be Transplanted simultaneously)
Organ Transplant Matching Process
There are actually list of tests that are done to evaluate donors. They are blood type, crossmatch, ,HLA testing and size of organ . This blood test is the first step in the process of living donation and determines if you are compatible or a “match” to your recipient.. Depending on various factors, such as the donor’s medical history and the current health of the potential recipient, the transplant surgeon determines if the organ is suitable for the patient. Once the organ is accepted for a potential recipient, transportation arrangements are made for the surgical teams to come to the donor hospital and surgery is scheduled. For heart, lung, or liver transplantation, the recipient of the organ is identified prior to the organ recovery and called into the hospital where the transplant will occur to prepare for the surgery. Transportation also plays important role in organ transplant.
In all below gives the summary of total process (factors,criteria) for organ transplant .
- size of the organs needed and blood type
- The total distance between the recipient and the donor
- Total time for the transplant.
- To verify if the recipient is a child or adult
- Urgency of recipient depending upon his or her condition
- The acceptability value of the immune system matches between the recipient and donor.
Organ Transplant Waiting List
If the Recipient subject to guidelines of local government and criteria of matching have his own donor , then there is no waiting list for transplantation and transplant can be carried out without waiting list.In case recipient needs a donor, the patient is required to visit at a Transplant hospital. The surgeon will examine t present condition of health and medical history and thereby decide if the patient is convincible enough to be listed. They are normally from Mumbai Pune Taxi.
Who can be Organ Donors
There are two types of organ donation: living and deceased. There are three different ways of donating an organ. These are known as:
donation after brain stem death: patients who die as a result of a brain haemorrhage, severe head injury or stroke and are on a ventilator in a hospital intensive care unit (ICU). These donors are called donation after brain stem death donors. There are very strict standards for doing these tests and they’re always carried out by two experienced doctors.
A ventilator provides oxygen, which keeps the heart beating and blood circulating after death. Organs such as hearts, lungs and livers can be donated by a brain dead donor.
donation after circulatory death: Patients who die in hospital but aren’t on a ventilator can donate their kidneys and, in certain circumstances, other organs. They’re called donors after circulatory death.
In these cases, the organs must be removed within a few minutes of the heart stopping to prevent them being damaged by a lack of oxygenated blood.
living organ donation : Living organ donation usually involves one family member donating an organ to another family member or partner. The relative is usually related by blood – a parent, brother, sister, or child
Organ Donation Facts
- Medical/Physical criteria are very important for organ donation
- The organ can be donated by candidates who are
- in good physical and mental health.
- free from high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, HIV, hepatitis, or organ-specific diseases.
- at least 18 years old
- If the organ is donated after death, then a detailed medical assessment is done to decide which organ can be successfully donated.