Liver transplant is a surgery to remove a diseased or injured liver and replace it with a healthy whole liver or a segment of a liver from another person, called a donor. People with either acute or chronic liver failure may need a liver transplant to survive. This is a viable treatment option for end-stage liver disease and acute liver failure. The surgical procedure is very demanding and ranges from 4 to 18 hours depending on an outcome. Numerous anastomosis and sutures, and many disconnections and reconnection of abdominal and liver tissue, must be made for the transplant to succeed, requiring an eligible recipient and a well-calibrated live or cadaver donor match. After a transplant, the patient can lead fairly normal life and is free from the disease. Liver Transplants are classified as.
Deceased Donor Liver Transplant (DDLT): In this procedure uses a liver that becomes available when a person who is brain dead (but heart is till beating) and his or her family donates the organ for transplantation.
Living Donor Liver Transplant (LDLT): In this procedure a piece of liver is removed from a living donor and transplanted into a recipient. The procedure, performed after the diseased liver has been removed, is possible because the liver regenerates or grows. The liver’s unique ability to regenerate itself – combined with technological advances – allows more people to be donors.
Auxiliary Transplantation: Auxiliary liver transplantation entails attaching a portion of a healthy donor’s liver to a portion of a recipient’s diseased liver. The donor liver remains intact until the native organ regenerates, at which point the diseased liver may be removed.