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Laparoscopic Surgery in India

Laparoscopy, also known as diagnostic laparoscopy, is a surgical diagnostic procedure used to examine the organs inside the abdomen. It is a low-risk, minimally invasive procedure. Only small incisions are made. The few common conditions that can be  perceived by laparoscopy –

  • Appendicitis
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Ovarian cyst

What is Laparoscopic Surgery ?

Laparoscopic surgery also referred to as minimally invasive surgery describes the performance of surgical procedures with the assistance of a video camera and several thin instruments. During the surgical procedure, small incisions of up to half an inch are made and plastic tubes called ports are placed through these incisions. The camera and the instruments are then introduced through the ports which allow access to the inside of the patient.

The camera transmits an image of the organs inside the abdomen onto a television monitor. The surgeon is not able to see directly into the patient without the traditional large incision. The video camera becomes a surgeon’s eyes in laparoscopy surgery, since the surgeon uses the image from the video camera positioned inside the patient’s body to perform the procedure. The most commonly performed procedures are –

  • Female sterilization
  • The removal of parts of the intestines
  • Treating ectopic pregnancy
  • Removal of the gall bladder
  • The removal of patches of endometriosis
  • The biopsy of different structures within the abdomen
  • The removal of the appendix

Why Laparoscopic surgery is done ?

Laparoscopy is often used to identify and diagnose the source of abdominal or pelvic pain. It’s usually performed when other, noninvasive methods are unable to help with diagnosis. Some of the conditions treated by laparoscopy surgery include –

  • Diverticulitis
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Rectal prolapse
  • Severe chronic constipation that was not successfully treated with the help of medication.
  • Colon polyps which are very large to remove by using colonoscopy
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Bowel incontinence
  • Familial polyposis (a condition that causes multiple colon polyps)

Benefits of minimally invasive or laparoscopic procedures are

  • less post operative discomfort since the incisions are much smaller
  • quicker recovery times
  • shorter hospital stays
  • earlier return to full activities
  • much smaller scars
  • there may be less internal scarring when the procedures are performed in a minimally invasive fashion compared to standard open surgery.

Benefits of Laparoscopic gallbladder Surgery

  • The recovery is faster if the removal of gall bladder is done laparoscopically.
  • Instead of 5-7 inch incision, 4 small openings is required in the abdomen.
  • The patients can return to their home after a day.
  • Minimal post-operative pain is involved.

Laparoscopic Abdominal Surgery

The abdominal cavity organs are thoroughly examined with the help of laparoscopic surgery procedure. The procedure is performed under general anesthesia. The procedure makes use of a thin flexible tube having a video camera and a laparoscope. By making tiny incisions, the placement of a laparoscope is done inside the abdomen. It then generates the images of the abdomen on the screen. The major benefit of laparoscopy is that it provides a clear view of the abdominal structures and organs eliminating the need for surgery. After the completion of the surgery, the other instruments and the laparoscope are removed. All the incisions are then stitched back.

Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

A laparoscopic hysterectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure to remove the uterus. A small incision is made in the navel through which a tiny camera is inserted. The surgeon watches the image from this camera on a TV monitor while performing the procedure. Two to three other tiny incisions are made in the lower abdomen. Through these, specialized instruments are inserted and used for the removal process.

Most women do not have their ovaries removed when they undergo a hysterectomy. If the ovaries stay inside, the woman does not need to take any hormones after surgery and she does not have hot flashes. Women can choose either to keep the cervix in place (that’s called a “supra-cervical hysterectomy”) or remove the entire uterus (“total laparoscopic hysterectomy”). The procedure of laparoscopic hysterectomy only requires several tiny incisions instead of 3-6 inch incision in the case of traditional abdominal hysterectomy. As a result of which there is less blood loss, less scarring and less post-operative pain.

Robotic Laparoscopic Surgery

Robot-assisted surgery is regarded as the best minimally invasive alternative to both laparoscopy and open surgery. The surgeon performs the operation with the DA Vinci’s robotic system that has no direct mechanical association with either the patient or the surgeon. The surgeon is seated at a computer console and is a few feet away from the patient. The operating field can be viewed by the surgeon from a three-dimensional view. The surgeon uses the console having hand control and directs the micro instruments, wrists and robotic arms of the machine. The benefits of robot-assisted technique includes –

  • A shorter hospital stay
  • Better clinical outcomes
  • Significantly less pain
  • Less scarring
  • Reduced blood loss
  • Fewer complications
  • A faster return to routine daily activities

Laparoscopy Surgery for Endometriosis

Laparoscopy is the most common procedure used to diagnose and remove mild to moderate endometriosis. Instead of using a large abdominal incision, the surgeon inserts a lighted viewing instrument called a laparoscope through a small incision. If the surgeon needs better access, he or she makes one or two more small incisions for inserting other surgical instruments. he procedure is performed for treating conditions such as severe endometriosis pain, endometriosis cyst on an ovary, endometriosis as the possible cause of infertility and severe scar tissue and endometriosis which is interfering with the internal organs namely bladder or bowel.

Cost of Laparoscopic Surgery

The laparoscopic surgery has 100% success ratio in India. All the hospitals in India provide for affordable laparoscopic surgery along with excellent quality of healthcare facilities.