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Cervical Surgery in India

The goal of cervical spine surgery is to relieve pain, numbness, tingling and weakness, restore nerve function and stop or prevent abnormal motion in the spine. Cervical spine surgery may be indicated for a variety of cervical spine problems. Generally, surgery may be performed for degenerative disorders, trauma or instability. These conditions may produce pressure on the spinal cord or on the nerves coming from the spine. The surgery also looks into the matter of correcting deformities in the spine function and helps to restore a proper level of nerve function.

 Following Conditions require Cervical Spine Surgery

  • It occurs after an injury or blow to the head
  • Fever or headache accompanies the neck pain
  • Stiff neck prevents you from touching your chin to your chest
  • Pain shoots down one arm
  • There is tingling, numbness or weakness in your arms or hands
  • Neck symptoms associated with leg weakness or loss of coordination in arms or legs.
  • Neck and/or shoulder pain do not improve after four weeks, or sooner if weakness develops

Treatments of cervical spine surgery

Spondylosis

Treatment for cervical spondylosis depends on the severity of your signs and symptoms. The goal of treatment is to relieve pain, help you maintain your usual activities as much as possible, and prevent permanent injury to the spinal cord and nerves. It Also known as Degenerative Disc Disease, Spondylosis is a gradual wear and tear of the disc. There are several non-surgical treatments such as anti-inflammatory medication and physical therapy. If conservative treatment fails or if your neurological signs and symptoms — such as weakness in your arms or legs — worsen, you might need surgery to create more room for your spinal cord and nerve roots.

The surgery might involve:

  • Removing a herniated disk or bone spurs
  • Removing part of a vertebra
  • Fusing a segment of the neck using bone graft and hardware.

Slipped Disc

It is a cartilaginous disc between vertebrae in the spine that is displaced or partly protruding, pressing on nearby nerves and causing back pain or sciatica.it is also known as a prolapsed or herniated disc – occurs when one of the discs that sit between the bones of the spine (the vertebrae) is damaged and presses on the nerves.This can cause back pain and neck pain, as well as symptoms such as numbness, a tingling sensation, or weakness in other areas of the body. It can take about four to six weeks to recover from a slipped disc. Treatment usually involves a combination of physical therapy, such as massage and exercise, and medication to relieve the pain. The  common symptoms that occur in this condition include back pain, pin pricks and aching in the arm or leg. There are two treatments for this disorder- Disc replacement and Keyhole surgery, also known as microdiscectomy spine surgery. It is performed when there is prolapsed disc in the lower back.

Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which one bone in your back (vertebra) slides forward over the bone below it. It most often occurs in the lower spine). In some cases, this may lead to your spinal cord or nerve roots being squeezed. This can cause back pain and numbness or weakness in one or both legs. In rare cases, it can also lead to losing control over your bladder or bowels. See a doctor right away if you begin losing bladder or bowel control.

Sometimes when a vertebra slips out of place, you may have no symptoms at all or no symptoms until years later. Then, you may have pain in your low back or buttock. Muscles in your leg may feel tight or weak. You may even limp. Spondylolisthesis may be caused by any of a number of problems with the small joints in your back. There are three types of Spondylolisthesis- Congenital, Isthmic and  Degenerative.

symptoms of spondylolisthesis may include:

  • Back or buttock pain.
  • Pain that runs from the lower back down one or both legs.
  • Numbness or weakness in one or both legs.
  • Difficulty walking.
  • Leg, back, or buttock pain that gets worse when you bend over or twist.
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control, in rare cases.

Treatment for spondylolisthesis begins with stopping any physical activity that may have led to vertebrae damage. To help relieve pain, take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Doctors often suggest physical therapy to build up stomach and back muscles (core strengthening). In overweight people, weight loss may also help. When pain is extreme or bones continue to move, or if there is nerve root or spinal cord damage related to the spondylolisthesis Surgery may be done to remove bone or other tissue to take pressure off the spinal cord or nerves (decompression). Or surgery may be done to fuse the bones in position. Sometimes both decompression and fusion are done during the same surgery.

scoliosis

It is abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. When viewed from the side, the spine should show a mild roundness in the upper back and shows a degree of swayback (inward curvature) in the lower back. Due to this disease, the spine gets curved in the shape of “S” or “C”. Back pain is one of the main problems caused by scoliosis in adults, so treatment is mainly aimed at pain relief.

In some cases, surgery may be carried out to improve the shape of the spine where the curvature is of greater size.. There are two types of surgery:

  • decompression surgery – if a disc or bone is pressing down on a nerve, it can be removed to reduce the pressure on the nerve
  • spinal fusion surgery – where the position of the spine is improved using metal rods, plates and screws before being fused into place using bone grafts

Spinal Tumor

It is a growth that develops within your spinal canal or within the bones of your spine. It maybe cancerous or noncancerous.Tumors that affect the bones of the spine (vertebrae) are known as vertebral tumors.Tumors that begin within the spinal cord itself are called spinal cord tumors.symtons for spinal tumor are.

  • Back pain, sometimes radiating to other parts of your body.
  • Loss of sensation, especially in your arms or legs.
  • Difficulty walking, sometimes leading to falls.
  • Decreased sensitivity to pain, heat and cold.
  • Loss of bowel or bladder function.

Spinal tumors often require complex and delicate surgeryThe treatment for spinal tumor is Total Spondylectomy, which is done to remove the entire vertebrae as a perfect curve.

spinal cord injury

A spinal cord injury  is damage to the spinal cord that causes changes in its function, either temporary or permanent. These changes translate into loss of muscle function, sensation, or autonomic function in parts of the body served by thespinal cord below the level of the lesion. The surgery. includes

  • The first is to relieve any pressure on the spinal cord. This could involve removing portions of the vertebrae that have broken and are compressing the spinal cord. If the spinal cord is being compressed by tumor, infection or severe arthritis, surgery can be performed to reduce the amount of compression.
  • The second is surgery for spinal cord injury is to stabilize the spine. If the vertebrae are weakened from fracture, tumor or infection, they may not be capable of supporting the normal weight from the body and protecting the spinal cord. A combination of metal screws, rods and plates may be necessary to help hold the vertebrae together and stabilize them until the bones heal.

Cost of Cervical Spine Surgery

With state of the art facilities, expert surgeons and all the facilities the cost of surgery is $ 6000 which is very low when compared to countries like U.S.A and U.K.