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Coronary Angioplasty in India

Coronary Angioplasty

A coronary angioplasty is a procedure used to widen blocked or narrowed coronary arteries (the main blood vessels supplying the heart). The term ‘angioplasty’ means using a balloon to stretch open a narrowed or blocked artery. All kinds of vascular interventions performed in minimally invasive or percutaneous method are a part of the angioplasty. Coronary angioplasty – or PCI and PTCA is a procedure that helps treat coronary heart disease and angina. This treatment helps improve the blood supply to your heart muscle by widening narrowed coronary arteries and inserting a small tube called a stent.
Angioplasty can help to relieve angina symptoms and is also used as an emergency treatment for people who’ve had a heart attack

Procedure for Coronary Angioplasty

An angioplasty normally takes between 30 minutes and two hours, although it can take longer.

  • At the start of the procedure you’ll be given a local anaesthetic to numb the area. Then a catheter – a fine, flexible, hollow tube – with a small inflatable balloon at its tip is passed into an artery in either your groin or your arm.
  • Some dye (contrast) is injected into the catheter and the arteries can be seen on an x-ray screen. It’s normal to feel a hot flushing sensation when the dye is injected.
  • The operator then directs the catheter up to the heart and into a coronary artery until its tip reaches a narrow or blocked section.
  • The balloon is then gently inflated so that it squashes the fatty plaques – or deposits – against the artery wall, widening the artery and allowing the blood to flow more easily.
  • A stent – a small tube of stainless steel mesh – is already in place on the balloon. As the balloon is inflated, the stent expands so that it holds open the narrowed artery. The balloon is let down and removed, leaving the stent in place.
  • Some people may feel a palpitation, and you might feel some angina. If you feel unwell, or have pain at any time during the procedure, tell the team.

When the test is over, the catheters are removed. Sometimes there might be a small amount of bleeding when they are taken out. A nurse or doctor will press on the area for a short while or they may put in a plug called an angioseal to stop any bleeding. After the procedure, you’ll need to stay in bed for a while.

Benefits of Coronary Angioplasty

Coronary angioplasty aims to widen narrowed blood vessels, to help increase the flow of blood to the heart. This decreases the risk of a heart attack, reduces the symptoms of angina, and slows the progress of coronary artery disease

What to expect after Coronary Angioplasty

After angioplasty, you will be moved to a recovery room or to the coronary care unit. Your heart rate, pulse, and blood pressure will be closely monitored and the catheter insertion site checked for bleeding. You may have a large bandage or a compression device on your groin or arm at the catheter insertion site to prevent bleeding. You will likely stay one night in the hospital.

Do not do strenuous exercise and do not lift anything heavy until your doctor says it is okay. This may be for a day or two. You may resume exercise and driving after several days.

You will take antiplatelet medicines to help prevent another heart attack or a stroke. After your procedure, you might attend a cardiac rehabilitation program. In cardiac rehab, a team of health professionals provides education and support to help you recover and build new, healthy habits, such as eating right and getting more exercise. For keeping your hearthealthy and your arteries open, making these changes is just as important as getting treatment.

Angioplasty vs. Bypass Surgery

The choice of angioplasty or bypass surgery is based on physician and patient preference, as well as patient-specific characteristics, such as diabetes or heart failure, which may favor one strategy over another. Angioplasty should be considered when one, two, or even three arteries have become narrowed, provided that the arteries are suitable for angioplasty. When there is significant narrowing of the left main coronary artery or of all three major coronary arteries, Bypass surgery should be considered. Bypass surgery is preferable in the presence of diabetes and/or heart failure when two or three coronary arteries are narrowed. If revascularization is feasible, either angioplasty or bypass surgery is indicated when medical treatment has failed to relieve angina.

how much does angioplasty surgery cost

The cost of Angioplasty in india differs depending upon the type and number of stents being used. At our network heart hospitals in India high quality stents from some of the leading manufacturers in world, are being used. The quality of stents, consumables or the procedure is at par with some of the best heart centers in the world. Our network heart hospitals in India offer heart procedures like angioplasty at lowest cost when compared to any leading heart hospital in the world. Typically you can save upto 40 to 60 % of the cost when compared to leading heart hospitals in US, UK or Germany. The cardiologists at our network heart centers in India are highly skilled and experienced and are trained or worked at some of the leading heart institutes in the world. Because of all these reasons a large number of heart patients come to our network heart hospitals in India and we help them to make their medical travel to India a great experience. –